Grammar For You

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An Approach to ICSE English provides a platform to contribute, discuss and comment on the various issues related to the study and practice of English for the students and teachers of ICSE syllabus. Even with its focussed nature, An Approach to ICSE English will be beneficial to everyone involved in the learning the niceties of the English language.

Sunday, 18 March 2018

Grammar Bytes: Such as


Such as
Usually, such as is used to present an example or examples of something we have referred to. When we introduce a list of examples, we use a comma before such as. However, if we present only one example, the coma is not used before such as.
1.     Junk foods, such as Pizza and Burger, are not good for health.
2.     We are planning to visit a historic monument such as Charminar this summer.
We can use like instead of such as to present examples; but in formal contexts such as is always preferred.
Ú Nota bene
1.     Do not use only as to present examples:
People like tearjerker dramas, such as The Lady with the Broom and The Weeping Widow.
Not: as The Lady with the Broom and The Weeping Widow
2.     Do not use such as to compare things:
The school children wore Khaki coloured uniforms like the military uniforms.
Not:  such as the military uniforms.


Saturday, 17 March 2018

Grammar Bytes: Prepositions:


Prepositions:
¢ Annoyed
1.     He was extremely annoyed about the damage to his car.
2.     He was annoyed at me for coming late.
3.     The passengers were annoyed by the baby’s continual coughing.
4.     Rama annoys everyone in temple by praying loudly.
5.     The boy was annoying the teacher with his continuous questions.
6.     My father was annoyed with me for failing in Geography.

Prepositions:
¢ upset
1.     The children were feeling upset by the disturbing situation.
2.     Do not get upset about it.
3.     Do not let the situation upset you.
4.     John was too upset to speak to her.
5.     My mother was upset that I didn't call.
6.     Juliet was so upset with Romeo, she didn't talk to him for a month.

Grammar Bytes : which / that


which / that
 Many get confused in the right use of which and that. We find that changing which to that can totally change the meaning of a sentence.
Consider the following examples.
1.     My car, which is red, goes very fast.
2.     My car that is red goes very fast.
The first sentence tells us that I have just one car, and it is red. The clause which is red provides extra information, but it doesn’t change the meaning of the sentence.
The second sentence indicates that I have more than one car, and among my cars the red-coloured car goes very fast.
The phrase that is red is called a Restrictive Clause because another part of the sentence (My car) depends on it. We cannot remove that clause without changing the meaning of the sentence.
The first sentence using which just informs that my car is red. We can remove the clause which is red without missing any important information. The phrase which is red is called a Non- Restrictive Clause.
My car, which is red, goes very fast.
My car goes very fast.

Grammar Bytes : Subject-Verb Agreement

Subject-Verb Agreement

A Verb must agree with its Subject in Person and Number. If the subject is singular, the verb must also be singular; if the subject is plural, the verb must be plural.
For example:
 He enjoys swimming.                                    They enjoy swimming.
 The girl sings.                                                 The girls sing.
 The cat sleeps .                                               The cats sleep.
Note: A singular noun denotes one person, place or thing.
If you are not sure what the subject is or whether the subject is singular or plural, ask yourself, “Who or what is doing the action the verb expresses?” or “Who or what is being described?”
Examples:
William plays badminton.
The news of their engagement surprised everyone.
The boy is being reprimanded.
The scooter is being repaired.
In the first example,
William plays badminton. the answer to “Who plays badminton?” is the subject of the sentence.  - William
In the second example, the answer to “What surprised everyone? is the subject of the sentence. - news
In the third example, “Who is being reprimanded?” - boy
In the fourth example, “What is being repaired?” - scooter
Study the following examples.
The quality of these mangoes is not good.
(What is not good? The ‘quality’ is not good. From this we understand that the real subject of the sentence is ‘quality’)
The owner of these houses lives in Hyderabad.
(Who lives in Hyderabad? The ‘owner’ lives in Hyderabad. Hence, the ‘owner’ is the real subject.)
 v Here are some rules on the Agreement of the Verb with the Subject.
1.     Two or more singular nouns or pronouns joined by and are usually followed by a plural verb:
Jack and David are friends.
Tobacco and alcohol are injurious to health.
Catherine and Juliana have visited the Taj Mahal.
2.     If the two nouns joined by and express the same idea, the verb will be singular.
 Slow and steady wins the race.
Bread and butter is a wholesome food.
3.     When two nouns joined by and refer to the same person, the singular verb is used.
My friend and manager wants to meet me.
The secretary and treasurer is out of station.
My uncle and guardian has gifted me a costly pen.
Note: If the two nouns refer to two different persons, the Articles or Possessive Adjectives should be repeated and the verb should be used in the plural.
My friend and my manager want to meet me.
The secretary and the treasurer are out of station.
My uncle and the guardian have gifted me costly pens.
4.     When two nouns are qualified by each or every, although they connected by and, they require the singular verb.
Each boy and each girl has to appear for this test.
Every man and every woman is to strive for the progress of the country.
5.     When a singular noun or pronoun is connected to another noun or pronoun by with,together with, as well as, the verb should agree with the subject used before with, together with, as well as. In other words, the verb to be supplied should be based on the noun or pronoun (subject) used before with, together with, as well as.
The ship, with its crew was, saved.
The smuggler, together with his accomplices, was arrested.
Money, as well as men, is required for an organisation to be strong.
The workmen, as well as the supervisor, have been dismissed.
Note: When two nouns are connected by as well as, the verb should agree in person and number with the first noun, that is the noun used before as well as.
6.     Singular subjects connected by or, neither.... nor, either.... or, are followed by a singular verb.
No prize or medal was given to the boy though he stood first in the examination.
Neither George nor Tom was present at the meeting.
Either Thomson or Jim has broken the windowpane.
7.     When the subjects connected by or or nor are of different numbers, the plural subject should be written last and it should be followed by a plural verb.
Neither Jose nor his brothers are reliable.
Either Antony or his colleagues have to deal with this problem.
8.     The subjects joined by or or nor are of different persons, the verb should agree in person with the subject nearest to it. (The subjects should be arranged in the proper order – the person spoken to, first; the person spoken of, second; and the speaker, last.)
Neither he nor I am responsible for this.
Neither she nor you are to blame.
Either you or he is mistaken.
Either you or Martin has to lead the team.
However, it is better to avoid such constructions. It is better to write:
He is not to blame, nor are you.
He is mistaken or else I am.
9.     The following words should be followed by a singular verb.
Each, every, either, neither, everyone, anyone, no one, nobody, someone, somebody, everybody, many a
Each of the candidates was interviewed by the Principal.
Every student was present at the meeting.
Either of the candidates has to be appointed.
Neither of the boys is capable of doing this.
Everyone knows what actually happened.
Does anyone else want to come?
No one/ nobody was at home.
Someone/ somebody has picked my pocket.
Everybody has arrived.
Many a student has applied for the scholarship.
10.  When the subject is one of + plural noun, the verb should be singular.
One of the employees has complained against the Manager.
One of my teachers lives in a bungalow.
11.  When a plural number applies to distances, weights, heights or amounts of money, and represents a single figure or quantity, it is treated as a singular and takes a singular verb.
Ten miles is a long distance to cover in an hour.
Two bags of rice costs D 500/--.
 Fifty rupees is not a big sum.
12.  A number of + plural noun is followed by a plural verb.
A number of students are absent.
The number of + plural noun is followed by a singular verb.
The number of students has applied for the scholarship.
13.  The title of a literary work, or the name of a house or a hotel, is a plural. But, for purposes of agreement, it is treated as a singular, since it is one title or one building.
‘Gulliver`s Travels’ was written by Jonathan Swift.
The Rose and Crown is situated in the High Street.
14.    When the subject is the formal there, the verb agrees with the real subject that follows it.
There are forty pupils in our class.
There is a grammatical mistake in the essay you have written.
There are many rooms in his large house.
15.  A collective noun is followed by a singular verb when the group is thought of as a single unit. But when the individual members of the group are thought of, the plural verb is used.
A committee was formed to raise funds for the project.
The committee were divided on the question of increased D.A. for the employees.
The crew of the ship was a mixed group of different nationalities.
The crew of the ship were arrested for drug-related offences.
16.  Names of certain ailments and of certain sciences or branches of knowledge which end in –s are singular, and hence they take a singular verb.
Measles, mumps, shingles, mathematics, physics, economics, ethics
Mumps is a serious illness for grown-up people.
Physics is my favourite subject.

Saturday, 24 February 2018

ICSE March 2018 Pre-Final Examinations English 1 2

ICSE March 2018 Pre-Final Examinations English 1 2
ENGLISH LANGUAGE
ENGLISH Paper – 1
(Two hours)
Answers to this Paper must be written on the paper provided separately.
You will not be allowed to write during the first 15 minutes.
This time is to be spent in reading the question paper.
The time given at the head of this paper is the time allowed for writing the answers.
________________________________________
Attempt all four questions.
The intended marks for questions or parts of questions are given in brackets [ ].
You are advised to spend not more than 35 minutes in answering Question 1 and 20 minutes in answering Question 2.
Question 1
(Do not spend more than 35 minutes on this question.)
Write a composition (350-400 words) on any one of the following:            [25]
(a) You have gone for an excursion with your classmates during the Christmas Holidays. Describe the place you visited citing its salient attractions. Bring out how the excursion has benefitted you as an individual.
(b) Narrate a recent personal experience that has influenced you intensely, distinctly depicting its impact on you.
(c) Do you agree with the saying ‘Failure is a stepping stone to success’? Substantiate your answer.
(d) Write a short story on the theme ‘Money is the root of all evil’.
(e) Study the picture given below. Write a story or a description or an account of what the picture suggests to you. Your composition may be about the subject of the picture or you may take suggestions from it; but there must be a clear connection between the picture and your composition.


Question 2
(Do not spend more than 20 minutes on this question.)            [10]
Select one of the following:
(a) Your sister is always on her cell phone or on her computer. Write a letter to her drawing attention to the harms of such a sedentary life as well as highlighting the importance of regular physical exercise for a healthy body and a robust mind.
(b) Write a letter to the General Manager of a factory in your city requesting permission for your friends to visit the factory. Give details such as the probable date, number of people and so on.
Question 3
Read the following story carefully and answer the questions that follow:
There was once a kind man whose name was Oliver Goldsmith. He wrote many delightful books, some of which you will read when you are older.
He had a gentle heart. He was always ready to help others and to share with them anything that he had. He gave away so much to the poor that he was always poor himself.
He was sometimes called Doctor Goldsmith; for he had studied to be a physician.
One day a poor woman asked Doctor Goldsmith to go and see her husband, who was sick and could not eat. Goldsmith did so. He found that the family was in great need. The man had not had work for a long time. He was not sick, but in distress; and, as for eating, there was no food in the house. "Call at my room this evening," said Goldsmith to the woman, "and I will give you some medicine for your husband."
In the evening the woman called. Goldsmith gave her a little paper box that was very heavy.
"Here is the medicine," he said. "Use it faithfully, and I think it will do your husband a great deal of good. But don't open the box until you reach home."
"What are the directions for taking it?" asked the woman.
"You will find them inside of the box," he answered.
When the woman reached her home, she sat down by her husband's side, and they opened the box; what do you think they found in it?
It was full of pieces of money. And on the top were the directions: --
"To be taken as often as necessity requires."
Goldsmith had given them all the ready money that he had.

Doctor Goldsmith written by James Baldwin
(a) Three words or phrases are given below. Give the meaning of each as used in the passage.                                                                                                                             [3]
i. gave away
ii. call at
iii. ready money
(b) Answer the following questions briefly and in your own words.                                  
i. Why was Oliver Goldsmith always poor?  Why was he called Doctor Goldsmith?   [2]
ii. Who visited Goldsmith one day? Why?              [2]
iii. What did Goldsmith find when he went to the visitor’s house? [2]
iv. What did Goldsmith give the visitor? What instruction did he give?                          [2]
v. When did the visitor open the box? What did the visitor find in the box?              [2]
vi. Quote the sentence from the story that shows Goldsmith was a writer. [2]
(c) .
i. In not more than 60 words, write a summary of the above story.              [8]                 
ii. Choose another suitable title for the story giving reason for the choice.                    [2]
Question 4
a) In the following passage, fill in each of the numbered blanks with the correct form of the word given in brackets. Do not copy the passage but write in correct serial order the word or phrase appropriate to the blank space.                                                                          [4]
Example:
(0) The car _______ (slow) down at the curve.
Answer: 0. slowed.                  
When a child learns to stand up and tries to walk, he (1) (be) ………….. found to fall down again and again. And by nature, and instinct, he gets up, and again tries (2) (step) …………..  forward, although again he falls down. But ultimately, he succeeds in walking. The same thing (3) (happen) ………….. with each one of us, when we were children.
Similarly, in spite of his (4) ………….. (repeat) failures, a man having perseverance does not admit his defeat. He (5) try…………..  again and again, and finally attains success. A resolute person (6)(be) …………..  one who has great self-confidence, strong determination, and a natural urge towards hard labour, and untiring energy (7) (continue) ………….. till the last, without (8) (grumble) …………. or expressing dissatisfaction.
(b) Fill in the blanks with appropriate words:                                                                         [4]
i. The girl mistook Anil …… a celebrated artist.
ii. He was irritated ….. the situation
iii. I drove …….. the bridge
iv. We located the key …….. the door.
v. The train went …….. the tunnel.
vi. The scream came from …….. the room.
vii. She ran …….. the track with me.
viii. An awful gale raged …….. the foothills.
(c) Join the following sentences to make one complete sentence without using and, but, or so.                           [4]
i. The van dashed against a wall. It was going at over 100 mph.
ii. Jyothi met a man at the party. He is a famous football player.
iii. My uncle gave her a watch. She did not thank him.
iv. Here are the letters. They arrived this morning.                                                               
(d) Rewrite the following sentences according to the instructions given after each of them. Make other changes necessary, but do not change the meaning of the sentence.             [8]
i. If they do not leave now, they will not catch the train.
[Use: Unless…]
ii. He played like a well-trained player.
[Use: as if]
iii. Keep the papers in a file. You may misplace it.
[Use: lest]
iv. The tourists said, “We did not enter the memorial without permission.”
[Use: denied.]
v. Amelia is one of the most studious girls in the class.
[Begin: Very few….]
vi. We should show sympathy for the poor.
[Begin: The poor….]
vii. I saw the suspect the theatre yesterday. Immediately I informed the police.
[Begin: No sooner….]
viii. The girl was so excited that she could not contain herself.
[Use: too…to]
________________________________________
 Answers

Friday, 23 February 2018

ICSE 2018 Model Paper English 1


ICSE 2018 Model Paper English 1
ENGLISH LANGUAGE
ENGLISH Paper – 1
(Two hours)
Answers to this Paper must be written on the paper provided separately.
You will not be allowed to write during the first 15 minutes.
This time is to be spent in reading the question paper.
The time given at the head of this paper is the time allowed for writing the answers.


Attempt all four questions.
The intended marks for questions or parts of questions are given in brackets [ ].
You are advised to spend not more than 35 minutes in answering Question 1 and 20 minutes in answering Question 2.
Question 1
(Do not spend more than 35 minutes on this question.)
Write a composition (350-400 words) on any one of the following:                                   [25]
(a)   You went to the railway station to receive your uncle. While waiting for the train to arrive, you saw a commotion in the station. Describe the scene giving details of the reason for the hurly-burly and also how the sudden disturbance was resolved.
(b)  Narrate a situation when you were not able to fulfil an important promise you had made to a close relative. Give an account of the consequence of this broken promise.
(c)   Social Media such as Facebook, WhatsApp, Instagram, are playing havoc with the life of the new generation. Argue either for or against the statement.
(d)  Write a short story ending with the sentence ‘He watched him walking slowly away.’
(e)   Study the picture given below. Write a story or a description or an account of what the picture suggests to you. Your composition may be about the subject of the picture or you may take suggestions from it; but there must be a clear connection between the picture and your composition.



Question 2
(Do not spend more than 20 minutes on this question.)                                           [10]
Select one of the following:
(a)   Your aunt has been recently to Europe on a tour. Write a letter to her asking about the places of attraction and significance she visited and about her impressions of the people she came across during the visit.
(b)  Write a letter to the Municipal Chairman of your city complaining about the irregular water supply in the city detailing the inconvenience caused by it.
Question 3
Read the following story carefully and answer the questions that follow:
Some people--not you nor I, because we are so awfully self-possessed--but some people, find great difficulty in saying good-bye when making a call or spending the evening. As the moment draws near when the visitor feels that he is fairly entitled to go away he rises and says abruptly, "Well, I think I..." Then the people say, "Oh, must you go now? Surely it's early yet!" and a pitiful struggle ensues.
I think the saddest case of this kind of thing that I ever knew was that of my poor friend Melpomenus Jones, a curate--such a dear young man, and only twenty-three! He simply couldn't get away from people. He was too modest to tell a lie, and too religious to wish to appear rude. Now it happened that he went to call on some friends of his on the very first afternoon of his summer vacation. The next six weeks were entirely his own—absolutely nothing to do. He chatted awhile, drank two cups of tea, then braced himself for the effort and said suddenly: "Well, I think I..."
But the lady of the house said, "Oh, no! Mr. Jones, can't you really stay a little longer?"
Jones was always truthful. "Oh, yes," he said, "of course, I--er--can stay."
"Then please don't go."
He stayed. He drank eleven cups of tea. Night was falling. He rose again.
"Well now," he said shyly, "I think I really..."
"You must go?" said the lady politely. "I thought perhaps you could have stayed to dinner..."
"Oh well, so I could, you know," Jones said, "if..."
"Then please stay, I'm sure my husband will be delighted."
"All right," he said feebly, "I'll stay," and he sank back into his chair, just full of tea, and miserable.
Papa came home. They had dinner. All through the meal Jones sat planning to leave at eight-thirty. All the family wondered whether Mr. Jones was stupid and sulky, or only stupid.
After dinner mamma undertook to "draw him out," and showed him photographs. She showed him all the family museum, several gross of them--photos of papa's uncle and his wife, and mamma's brother and his little boy, an awfully interesting photo of papa's uncle's friend in his Bengal uniform, an awfully well-taken photo of papa's grandfather's partner's dog, and an awfully wicked one of papa as the devil for a fancy-dress ball. At eight-thirty Jones had examined seventy-one photographs. There were about sixty-nine more that he hadn't. Jones rose.
"I must say good night now," he pleaded.
"Say good night!" they said, "why it's only half-past eight! Have you anything to do?"
"Nothing," he admitted, and muttered something about staying six weeks, and then laughed miserably. Just then it turned out that the favourite child of the family, such a dear little romp, had hidden Mr. Jones’s hat; so papa said that he must stay, and invited him to a pipe and a chat. Papa had the pipe and gave Jones the chat, and still he stayed. Every moment he meant to take the plunge, but couldn't. Then papa began to get very tired of Jones, and fidgeted and finally said, with jocular irony, that Jones had better stay all night, they could give him a shake-down. Jones mistook his meaning and thanked him with tears in his eyes, and papa put Jones to bed in the spare room and cursed him heartily.
After breakfast next day, papa went off to his work in the City, and left Jones playing with the baby, broken-hearted. His nerve was utterly gone. He was meaning to leave all day, but the thing had got on his mind and he simply couldn't. When papa came home in the evening he was surprised and chagrined to find Jones still there. He thought to jockey him out with a jest, and said he thought he'd have to charge him for his board, he! he! The unhappy young man stared wildly for a moment, then wrung papa's hand, paid him a month's board in advance, and broke down and sobbed like a child.
In the days that followed he was moody and unapproachable. He lived, of course, entirely in the drawing-room, and the lack of air and exercise began to tell sadly on his health. He passed his time in drinking tea and looking at the photographs. He would stand for hours gazing at the photographs of papa's uncle's friend in his Bengal uniform--talking to it, sometimes swearing bitterly at it. His mind was visibly failing.
At length the crash came. They carried him upstairs in a raging delirium of fever. The illness that followed was terrible. He recognized no one, not even papa's uncle's friend in his Bengal uniform.
At times he would start up from his bed and shriek, "Well, I think I..." and then fall back upon the pillow with a horrible laugh. Then, again, he would leap up and cry, "Another cup of tea and more photographs! More photographs! Har! Har!"
At length, after a month of agony, on the last day of his vacation, he passed away. They say that when the last moment came, he sat up in bed with a beautiful smile of confidence playing upon his face, and said, "Well—the angels are calling me; I'm afraid I really must go now. Good afternoon."
And the rushing of his spirit from its prison-house was as rapid as a hunted cat passing over a
garden fence.
The Awful Fate of Melpomenus Jones
By Stephen Leacock
(a)     Three words or phrases are given below. Give the meaning of each as used in the passage.                                                                                                                             [3]
       i.          braced
     ii.          museum
   iii.          jocular
(b)            Answer the following questions briefly and in your own words.                                         
       i.          Who was Melpomenus Jones? What was ‘the saddest case’ about him?                    [2]
     ii.          Why did the family wonder whether Jones was stupid or sulky?                                [2]                
   iii.          What did mamma do after dinner to make Jones comfortable?                                  [2]
   iv.          Why did papa say that Jones must stay and invite him to a pipe and a chat?             [2]
     v.          Why did papa curse Jones heartily?                                                                           [2]
   vi.          Why was Jones broken-hearted the next day?                                                            [2]
(c)             
     i.            Write a summary in not more than 60 words of your own about the plight of Jones on the second day of his visit to the house.                                                                    [8]
   ii.            Give a suitable title to your summary. Justify the choice of the title.                         [2]
Question 4
a) In the following passage, fill in each of the numbered blanks with the correct form of the word given in brackets. Do not copy the passage but write in correct serial order the word or phrase appropriate to the blank space.                                                                                [4]
Example:
(0)  The boy _______ (walk) on the footpath.
Answer: 0. walked.                                         
She did not hear the story as many women (1) (hear)  ….…the same, with a paralyzed inability to accept its significance. She (2) (weep) ….…at once, with sudden, wild abandonment, in her sister's arms. When the storm of grief had spent itself she  (3) (go) ….… away to her room alone. She would have no one follow her. There stood, facing the open window, a comfortable, roomy armchair. Into this she (4) (sink) ….… pressed down by a physical exhaustion that haunted her body and seemed (5) ( reach) ….…into her soul.
She (6) (can) ….…see in the open square before her house the tops of trees that were all aquiver with the new spring life. The delicious breath of rain (7) ( be) ….…in the air. In the street below a peddler was crying his wares. The notes of a distant song which some one was singing reached her faintly, and countless sparrows were (8) (twitter) ….…in the eaves.
(b)  Fill in the blanks with appropriate words:                                                                         [4]
       i.          The novel is authored ........ him.
     ii.          He quarrelled with us........ a trifle.
   iii.          Raga dived ........ the river to search for the jewel.
   iv.          They have confidence ........ her.
     v.          Kajal was invited ........ the wedding.
   vi.          I prefer rice........ bread.
 vii.          The accident site was cordoned ........ by the police.
viii.          The police ran ........ the thief.
(c)   Join the following sentences to make one complete sentence without using and, but, or so.                                                                                                                       [4]
       i.          Hercules was strong. He could defeat the monster.
     ii.          He did not come to the party. He regretted it.
   iii.          My father was very angry. He could not speak a word. 
   iv.          Rima did not sing well. The judges gave her a prize.
(d)  Rewrite the following sentences according to the instructions given after each of them. Make other changes necessary, but do not change the meaning of the sentence.             [8]
       i.          The jury acquitted him of all charges.
[Begin: He …]
     ii.          Susan is grown up. She can make her own bed now.
 [Join using ‘enough’]
   iii.          The Shatabdi Express runs faster than the Shimla Express.
[Begin: The Shimla Express….]
   iv.          Neither of the men ……….. cars.
[Use: has or have.]
     v.          He said to me, ‘Do you practise daily as I do?” And I said, ‘No’.
[Change into reported speech]
   vi.          The car is fuel-efficient. It is well designed.
[Begin: Not only…..….]
 vii.          There is not enough sugar left to make a cup of coffee.
[Use the apt form of ‘little’]
viii.          I did not know my sister was coming. I would have waited for her.
 [Begin: Had….]

Answers


Question 4
(1)  had heard
(2)  wept
(3)  went
(4)  sank
(5)  to reach
(6)  could
(7)  was
(8)  twittering
 (b)
i.       The novel is authored by/on him.
ii.     He quarrelled with us over a trifle.
iii.   Raga dived into the river to search for the jewel.
iv.   They have confidence in her.
v.     Kajal was invited to the wedding.
vi.   I prefer rice to bread.
vii. The accident site was cordoned off by the police.
viii.                  The police ran after the thief.
(c)  
i.                 Hercules was strong enough defeat the monster.
ii.               He did not come to the party. He regretted that he did not come to the party.
iii.             My father so angry that he could not speak a word.
iv.             Though Rima did not sing well, the judges gave her a prize.
(d) 
i.       He was acquitted of all charges by the jury.
ii.     Susan is grown up enough to make her own bed now.
iii.   The Shimla Express does not run as fast as The Shatabdi Express.
iv.   Neither of the men has cars.
v.     He asked me whether I practised daily as he did?” And I replied that I did not.
vi.   Not only is the car fuel-efficient but also well designed.
vii. There is little sugar left to make a cup of coffee.
viii.                   Had I known know my sister was coming, I would have waited for her.