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Showing posts with label Poetry Study Aid: If Thou Must Love Me Sonnet 14: Elizabeth Barrett Browning. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Poetry Study Aid: If Thou Must Love Me Sonnet 14: Elizabeth Barrett Browning. Show all posts

Thursday, 4 December 2014

Poetry Study Aid: If Thou Must Love Me Sonnet 14: Elizabeth Barrett Browning

If Thou Must Love Me
 Sonnet 14
Elizabeth Barrett Browning
Elizabeth Barrett Browning is a Victorian English poet whose literary eminence essentially depends upon Sonnets from Portuguese, a collection of 44 sonnets that expresses her deep love for her future husband Robert Browning. If Thou Must Love Me is one of the sonnets from Sonnets from Portuguese.
 
The poem sets out with the poet calling for her lover not to love her merely for the sake of love; but love her truthfully and unconditionally. She enjoins him not to love her for outward or visible aspects but for her essence so that the love will be true and genuine. Furthermore, she tells her lover not to love her for her appearances or smile which will deteriorate with the ravages of time. She then asserts that he should not love her for her manner of speaking or for her gentle voice. He should not love her for her virtues which would offer him pleasure only for a day. Here the poet desires to express that true love does not merely grow out of appearances but true love goes deeper than the shallow show of outward countenance. She holds that if her lover loves her just because of endearing attributes, then, in all probability, in future his love would die out when her outward merits die away.
In the subsequent lines the poet asks her lover not to love her because of his compassion or pity towards her. She says this because she knows in the comfort and delight that her lover offers her there is likelihood that she may bury in heart her sorrows which are too deep for tears and also that she ‘might forget to weep’. In the spell of such an exalted experience her lover will find no tears on her cheeks to be wiped off by him making him to stop loving her.  
In the concluding two lines of the poem, the poet reiterates what she had stressed earlier; that is, she wants her lover to love her unconditionally so that he will continue to love her even if her qualities wither with the passage of time. When you love someone unconditionally the relentless passage of time can have no effect on such a love and love transcends the withering effects of the course of time and remains eternal and everlasting.  Thus the poet wants her lover to love her eternally with a love that lasts forever.
The main theme of Sonnet If Thou Must Love Me is the everlasting character of love. Love can be eternal only and only if one loves the other not for short-lived earthly motives and ephemeral reasons. Earthly reasons are transient, and so are the momentary feelings of man. True love itself does not weaken and die away: thus, her lover should love her, if he ought to love her, for the sake of love only. The poet desires the love to be elevated out of the domain of transitory human fervour into the dominion of endless, blissful ardour.