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Showing posts with label Poetry Study Aid IF Kipling Part One. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Poetry Study Aid IF Kipling Part One. Show all posts

Saturday, 19 December 2009

Poetry Study Aid: - IF - Rudyard Kipling ~Part One


RUDYARD KIPLING


Stanza I
If you can keep your head when all about you
Are losing theirs and blaming it on you;
If you can trust yourself when all men doubt you,
But make allowance for their doubting too;
If you can wait and not be tired by waiting,
Or, being lied about, don't deal in lies,
Or, being hated, don't give way to hating,
And yet don't look too good, nor talk too wise.
1. Who is referred to in the Stanza? State the background of the writing of the poem ‘If”.
The poem can be read as an advice from a father to his son, thus the person addressed in the poem is the poet Kipling’s son or can be seen as an suitably affectionate address from an older mentor to a young boy.
However, if we look into the background in which the poem is written it is addressed to Kipling’s young readers. The poem is part of the children's story collection Rewards and Fairies, as a companion to the story ‘Brother’s Square Toes’ which is a description of George Washington and his leadership qualifies. Hence, the poem can be seen as a fine-tuning of an explicit message from the story to its young readers. "If" is a didactic poem, a work meant to give instruction. In this case, "If" serves as an instruction in several specific traits of a good leader
2. Explain: If you can keep your head.
If you can keep your head means that if you can remain calm and composed.