Grammar For You

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An Approach to ICSE English provides a platform to contribute, discuss and comment on the various issues related to the study and practice of English for the students and teachers of ICSE syllabus. Even with its focussed nature, An Approach to ICSE English will be beneficial to everyone involved in the learning the niceties of the English language.

Thursday, 19 April 2018

Practice Exercise: Active Passive Voice Exercise 1

Active Passive Voice Exercise 1
Change the voice of the following sentences 
1. Pandora opened the box. 
2. He will ask a question. 
3. Anna do not clean our classrooms. 
4. The mechanic will repair our fridge.
5. Did William draw this cartoon? 
6. Could you post this letter?
7. The Finns make these mobiles in Korea. 
8. The Indians often throw the garbage on the streets. 
9. Someone damaged our fence last night. 
10. The service personnel have already fixed the printer. 
11. We always have our lunch with our colleagues. 
12. The painters are painting the penthouse. 
13. She should not change her attitude. 
14. People are spending a lot of money during the festive season.
15. Susanne was advised many times to stop giggling in class.  
16. The children were disappointed by the film.
17. Rex was persuaded by his colleague to go for a vacation. 
18. An honorary degree was conferred on Johnson by the university. 
19. The thief was arrested.  
20. Shakespeare’s plays are being read by the students. 
21. "The Power and the Glory" was written by Graham Greene. 
22. A new theatre is going to be built in the city. 
23. Many blunders were made by the students.
24. The match was held in the Wankhede stadium. 
25. Amelia doubts that someone is stalking her sister.
26. Serena don't like strangers seeing her in her pyjamas.
27. My little cat likes people stroking her.
28. I understand that someone broke the window.
29. Lucy believes that someone is teasing her son.
30. Do the right.

Tuesday, 17 April 2018

Practice Exercise: Subject Verb Agreement

Subject Verb Agreement
Rewrite for each of the following sentences with the appropriate verb choice sentences.
1. Simran is the only one of the students who (have, has) passed the trial.
2. The lengthiest of the demonstrations (is, are) the following unit.
3. The soldiers and their Commander (is, are) going to the border.
4. Either one of the groups (is, are) going to upset the agenda.
5. Nobody (is, are) brave enough to test the Commander when he is wrong.
6. The Committee or the managers (is, are) holding a conference.
7. Neither of the girls (has, have) been to the U.K.
8. Which (is, are) more attractive, the bright pullovers or the neutral jerseys?
9. (Has, Have) the culprit or the lawyer approached him?
10. Jamila, as well as her sister, (is, are) in London now.
11. Several of the spectators (has, have) went.
12. Both of the children (has, have) a scar on the left arm.
13. One of the best known Romantic plays (is, are) ‘Romeo and Juliet’. 
14. Environmental Applications (is, are) very difficult for many students.
15. Sheena is one of the girls who (have, has) blond hair.
16. Bread and butter (is, are) a good breakfast.
 17. The players, along with their trainers, (is, are) resolute to come good after the setback. 
18. Please call me when John and Mary (come, comes) to your house. 
19. The class (watch, watches) a match every weekend. 
20. The number of exciting topics (seem, seems) to be dwindling nowadays. 
21. The husband and his wife (plan, plans) a vacation every year. 
22. Hardly anyone (speak, speaks) to John. 
23. Henry or his sister (wishes, wish) to inspect the Class next week. 
24. Johnson (take, takes) his dog for a walk each morning. 
25. The songs the children sing (stay, stays) in my mind all day. 
26. Hundred rupees (is, are) too much as pocket money. 
27. Sunil and his aunt (talk, talks) on the phone almost daily. 
28. The green ones (look, looks) to match best. 
29. Teenagers and their peer group (perceive, perceives) matters very in a different way. 
30. Raina, against his mother’s requests, (have, has) decided to go paragliding.

Thursday, 5 April 2018

Grammar Bytes: Adverbs, like adjectives.

Adverbs, like adjectives.


Adverbs, like adjectives, can be used to make comparisons.
The degrees of comparison are positive, comparative and superlative.

    gm
  1. John runs fast. (positive)
  2. John runs faster than Jack. (comparative)
  3. James runs the fastest. (superlative)

With most adverbs, the comparative and the superlative forms are formed by adding -er and -est, respectively, to the positive degree.

For example,
late—later—latest,
hard—harder—hardest.
We also form the comparatives and the superlatives by adding more and most, respectively, to the positive degree of many adverbs.
For example,
easily—more easily—most easily.
Some adverbs form the comparatives and the superlatives in an irregular way.
For example,
little—less—least ,
much—more—most,
badly—worse—worst.

Wednesday, 4 April 2018

Grammar Bytes: Another/Other/ Different

Another/Other/ Different

Another/Other/ Different
Many of us often find it difficult to differentiate the use of the words another/other/ different.
Ú another and different
Observe these sentences:
·       Stella don’t like this frock. She wants to get another frock.
·       Stella don’t like this frock. She wants to get a different frock. 
     (another = different)
Here we find that the words another and different have the same in meaning and they are almost interchangeable.
But, the word another also means one more
We cannot use different to mean one more.
·       The programme is not finished yet. There is another dance to come.
      (another = one more)
Ú another and other
Observe these sentences:
Mary is going to London with another aunt.

Mary is going to London with other aunts.
Here we find that the words another and other have the same meaning but different usage.
The word another is used with a singular noun while the word other is used with uncountable and plural nouns.

Friday, 30 March 2018

Grammar Bytes: Pronouncing Definite Article, the

Pronouncing Definite Article, the

If the definite article the comes before a word that begins with a vowel,
pronounce it thee.
Ú <thee> event
If the definite article the comes before a word that begins with a consonant,
pronounce it like thuh
Ú <thuh> cathedral
If you need to stress the, pronounce it thee, even if it comes before a word beginning with a consonant.
Ú <thee>The wheel is the mother of all inventions.

Wednesday, 28 March 2018

Grammar Bytes: The ampersand (&)


The ampersand (&)


The ampersand (&) is a symbol for and
File:Et sign.svg
We should not use the ampersand (&) in formal writings.  

We can use the ampersand when the rest of the name is also an abbreviation (P&T) and in common expressions (R&D).

Note that there are no spaces on either side of the ampersand in such instances.
Often, we use an ampersand for names of companies, such as  Menon @ Menon and Mills & Boons.
Most of the students nowadays use the ampersand in forma writings very often and haphazardly:
Richard & Mary came yesterday. 
The cart was loaded & sent away.
This is a 'spill over' influence from 'Texting' and should be avoided.
We should always spell out the word and in these cases.  

Sunday, 25 March 2018

Grammar Bytes: Not only .......but also

Not Only………. But Also………

The structure not only … but also … is used to denote something or someone that has more than one quality, or has done more than one action. 
The not only…but also construction is generally used in formal situations.

  1. Richard is not only rich, but also magnanimous.
  2. The forest had not only beautiful birds but also dangerous animals.
  3. Rachel played not only tennis, but also squash.
Ú Parallelism (similarity by matching or corresponding) should be the objective when we use the structure not only … but also …
The words following both parts of this correlative conjunction (that is, not only and but also) should belong to the same parts of speech. For instance, if a verb follows not only, then a verb should also follow but also. If we use different parts of speech after each part of not only . . . but also making the sentence uneven and unrefined.
Study the examples below:
  1. He is not only gifted but also has an extreme nature of playfulness.
  2. He is not only gifted but also humorous.
Both sentences mean the same thing, but the first is imbalanced and looks awkward.
The adjective gifted follows not only, while the dependent phrase has an extreme nature of playfulness follows but also.
In the second sentence, the adjectives gifted and humorous follow not only and but also, making the sentence parallel and, thus, graceful.
Ú Not only…but also can come:
1.      the main subject and verb, separating a list that the main verb presents:
  • Indira likes not only apples but also oranges.
2.      a clause (following objects and direct objects) to show the qualities of the main clause.
  • We go for swimming not only when it was sunny, but also when it was raining.
3.      If we want to give extra emphasis, the subject and verb following not only must be inverted.
§  Not only was Sheela clever but she was also very sharp
Ú We need not always use also: it can be either omitted or substituted by too at the end:
  • Not only did I bring my sister to the city; I also found a good job for her.
  • The teachers were not only learned, but helpful too.