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An Approach to ICSE English provides a platform to contribute, discuss and comment on the various issues related to the study and practice of English for the students and teachers of ICSE syllabus. Even with its focussed nature, An Approach to ICSE English will be beneficial to everyone involved in the learning the niceties of the English language.

Saturday, 21 February 2009

Essay Terrorism Tips

Many students are asking for an Essay on Terrorism; I wonder why? may be it is to obvious that they think it will come for the exams; I think the contrary. Anyhow, here are a few points that you can use :
-What is terrorism? -Features of terrorism.
-Types of terrorism.
-Terrorist activities.
-Terrorist events.
-Impact of Terrorism
Loss of live and property. sense of anxiety and a constant sense of insecurity. the destruction caused  makes the rebuilding of the country and hence its progress difficult. Tourism suffers. People trust none. 
What is Terrorism? 
Terrorism is the use or threat of violence to create fear and alarm. Terrorists murder and kidnap people, set off bombs, hijack airplanes, set fires, and commit other serious crimes.

But the goals of terrorists differ from those of ordinary criminals. Most criminals want money or some other form of personal gain. Most terrorists commit crimes to support political causes. Features of terrorism. Terrorist acts are committed for various reasons. Most terrorist groups are small. They believe the threat or use of violence to create fear is the best way to gain publicity and support for their causes. Generally, terrorists attack people who oppose their cause or objects that symbolize such opposition. Common victims of kidnappings and assassinations include diplomats, business executives, political leaders, police, and judges. Terrorists also attack churches, mosques, and synagogues, as well as oil refineries and government offices. At other times, terrorists choose any target certain to attract media coverage. Some terrorists hijack airplanes. Then they hold the passengers hostage and make demands to further their cause. They often threaten to kill the hostages if their demands are not met. Some terrorism involves the intentional release of toxic chemicals, poisons, germs, or other harmful substances. Bombings make up about half of all terrorist acts. Systematic violence in the furtherance of political aims, often by small guerrilla groups. Terrorist groups include those dedicated to a political programme for their country, usually involving the overthrow of the ruling regime: communist and fascist terrorists fall into this category. Terrorism may also be directed by an ethnic majority against a minority ruling group or against an occupying colonial force. Another motivation behind terrorism can be religious fanaticism, linked with left wing, conservative, nationalist, pan-nationalist, or millenarian ideologies. Systematic violence used to press a single-issue, such as anti-abortionism or animal rights, cause can also be seen as terrorism. In many instances of terrorist actions these motivations overlap. The resort to terror represents a rejection of the democratic political process, so that terrorist groups are typically clandestine and separate from sympathetic political parties, as is the case with the Irish Republican Army (IRA). Political Distinctions between political and ethnic terrorism are not clear cut, and some separatist groups are influenced by, or receive support from, the left, despite being nationalists. Terrorism in an outlying region or colony is often assumed to be separatist in its logic, though for instance ‘loyalist’ terrorists have been opposed to the exclusion of Northern Ireland from the UK. In modern Western societies, terrorism is also increasingly associated with vehemently anti-government populist and ultra-right militias, particularly in the USA, driven by a nihilist brand of fanaticism. Ethnic Terrorist acts are sometimes carried out by an ethnic majority targeting a minority ruling class, such as in South Africa, the former Rhodesia (now Zambia and Zimbabwe), and Palestine. Afghan resistance to Soviet occupation and anti-colonial movements in Africa and Asia are both examples of an ethnic majority opposing colonial rule. Terrorist organizations that represent the interests of an ethnic group in a particular region, for example the Tamil Tigers in northern Sri Lanka, are often separatist (though they may also be anti-separatist). Religious Islamic fundamentalism is a key stimulus of terrorist activity in the early 21st century, centered in Asia and the Middle East, but at times with a global reach, as highlighted on 11 September 2001 with the terrorist destruction of New York's World Trade Center. Osama bin Laden, whose al-Qaeda network has links with other Islamic terrorist groups, such as Egyptian Islamic Jihad, is regarded as one of the key masterminds behind current Islamic fundamentalist terrorism. His primary target is the USA, with a key goal being removal of US military forces from the Gulf area. Bin Laden is said to represent a new breed of ‘stateless’ terrorist. Terrorist activities Terrorism traditionally involved kidnappings, assassinations, guerrilla warfare, massacres of opponents, and the use of bombs in a variety of ways and against a range of targets – suicide bombs, car bombs, bombs placed in aircrafts, buildings, and buses. The victims targeted are usually political opponents or state security forces, but sometimes they are ordinary citizens, chosen indiscriminately. Terrorist or freedom fighter? Organizations that resort to political violence are seen either as ‘terrorists’ or ‘freedom fighters’, depending on the political standpoint of the speaker. Some lack any base of popular support, while others can fairly claim widespread sympathy, both within their community and in the outside world. Two important factors influencing the public attitude to an organization are whether the people it fights for have no (or only a limited) democratic voice, and whether its violence is directed at ‘legitimate’ targets, such as state security forces, or used indiscriminately against civilians. Convicted members of banned ‘terrorist’ groups may become constitutional politicians after liberation, and negotiate with representatives of the state that was once the object of their violence: such leaders include Menachem Begin, prime minister of Israel 1977–83, Nelson Mandela, president of South Africa 1994–99, and Robert Mugabe, prime minister of Zimbabwe from 1980. 31 October 1984 India Indira Gandhi, prime minister of India 1966–77 and 1980–84 is assassinated in New Delhi, India (66). She is killed by extremist Sikhs among her bodyguards, apparently in response to the storming of the Sikh Golden Temple at Amritsar by Indian government troops. 21 December 1988 UK, USA A terrorist bomb explodes on a Pan Am Boeing 747 airliner flying over Lockerbie in Scotland, killing all 259 passengers on board and 11 people on the ground. 8 June 2000 Greece Members of Greek guerrilla group November 17 shoot dead British diplomat Stephen Saunders in Athens, Greece. Fellow UN countries condemn the Greek government for failing to act against such terrorist groups. 11 June 2001 USA Timothy McVeigh, the man convicted killing 168 people in the Oklahoma bomb atrocity in 1995, is executed by lethal injection in Terre Haute, Indiana. 11 September 2001 USA In the world's worst-ever terrorist atrocity, Islamic extremists launch suicide attacks on landmarks in the USA using hijacked civil airliners. Two aircraft are flown into the twin towers of New York's World Trade Center, which subsequently collapse, and another hits the Pentagon (defence department) in Washington, DC. A fourth jet crashes in Pennsylvania before reaching any specific target. Around 3,000 people are thought to have been killed in the attacks and ensuing devastation. 12 May 2003 Saudi Arabia Suicide bombers in the Saudi Arabian capital of Riyadh target three compounds housing Western expatriate workers and their families, killing at least 34 people including themselves. About 190 are injured. The operation is believed to have been planned and executed by the al-Qaeda international terrorist network. 12–14 May 2003 Russia In two terrorist incidents in Russia's troubled republic of Chechnya, suicide bombers believed to be Chechen separatists target a government security service building and, two days later, attempt to kill the Moscow-backed head of the Chechen administration at a Muslim festival. Around 80 people are believed killed in the attacks. 7 July 2005 England In a major coordinated terrorist attack on London, England, three bombs explode on the city's underground railway network and another on a bus, killing 56 people including the bombers. Three of the suicide bombers are subsequently identified on surveillance cameras as British Muslims. 27 December 2007 Pakistan Benazir Bhutto, the leader of the main opposition Pakistan People's Party, is assassinated in a suicide attack at an election rally in Rawalpindi, enraging her supporters and triggering violence in cities across Pakistan. The government blames Islamist militants. Use your discretion and take points from the above to write an good essay.

2 comments:

  1. thnx a lot ..this has enriched my knowledge;

    ReplyDelete
  2. thanks a lot.i want another essay on 'saying no to wars'

    ReplyDelete