Transformation of Sentences: Degree of Comparison

1. A horse is more intelligent than an ass.

An ass is not as intelligent as a horse.
2. A wise enemy is better than a foolish friend.
A foolish friend is not as good as a wise enemy.
3. Bombay is the best sea-port in India.

No other seaport in India is as good as Bombay.
4. Disraeli was the greatest statesman of England.

No other statesman of England was as great as Disraeli.
5. There are few districts as fertile as Hoshiarpur.

Hoshiapur is one of the most fertile districts.
6. Kalidasa is one of the greatest poets.

Very few poets are as great as Kalidasa.
7. Very few books are as popular as Dickens David Copperfield.
Dickens’ David Copperfield is one of the most popular books.
8. Gold is one of the most precious metals.

Very few metals are as precious as gols.
9. It is easier to speak than to act.
Action is not as easy as speech.
10. The train runs faster than a horse-cart.
A horse cart does run as fast the train.
11. He knows you better than I.
I do not know you as well as he knows you.
12. He knows you better than me.
You are known to him better I know you.
13. Of all men he is the meanest.

No other man is as mean as he is.
14. Let us see who runs fastest.
Let us see who runs faster among us.
15. He does his work more honestly than anybody else.
He is the most honest worker.
16. Few historians write as graphically as Macaulay.
Macaulay writes more graphically than most of the historians.
17. John bowls faster than Jack.
Jack does not bowl as fast as John.
18. Ashoka was one of the noblest of Indian kings.
Very few kings were as noble as Ashoka.
19. A live ass is better than a dead lion.

A dead lion is not as good as a live ass.
20. Jim seemed more cheerful than any of his companions.

None of his companions seemed as cheerful as Jim.

ICSE 2015 Model Examination English 2

English Paper 2
Literature in English
(Two hours)

Answers to this paper must be written on the paper provided separately.
You will not be allowed to write during the first 15 minutes. This time is to read the question paper. The time given at the head of this paper is the time allotted for writing the answers.
You must attempt one question each from Section A, B, and C and any two other questions.
Attempt five questions in all.

SECTION A
Drama: The Merchant of Venice
William Shakespeare
Question 1
Read the extract given below and answer the questions that follow:
Antonio:
Content, i’faith: I’ll seal to such a bond,
And say there is much kindness in the Jew.
Bassanio:
You shall not dwell to such a bond for me;
I shall rather dwell in my necessity.
Antonio:
Why, fear not, man: I will not forfeit it.
(a)   Where are Antonio and Bassanio? Who is with them? Why are they there?                     [3]
(b)  What are the terms of such a bond? Why does Shylock call it a merry bond?                    [3]
(c)   Do you think there much kindness in the Jew? Substantiate your answer.                   [3]
(d)  Explain:                                                                                                                       [3]
a.     dwell in my necessity
b.     I will not forfeit it.
(e)   Do you think that Antonio’s confidence that he shall not forfeit his bond is misplaced? Why? What does Shylock say earlier in the scene regarding the perils of the sea?          [4]
Question 2
Read the extract given below and answer the questions that follow:
Shylock:
Shall I not have barely my principal?
Portia:
Thou shalt have nothing but the forfeiture,
To be so taken so at thy peril, Jew.
Shylock:
Why, then the devil give him good of it!
Portia:
Tarry, Jew                         
The law hath yet another hold on you.

(a)   Where does the scene take place? Why?                                                                   [3]
(b)  How are Portia and Nerissa dressed now? Why?                                                        [3]
(c)   What had made Shylock ask for barely his principal?                                               [3]
(d)  Why does Portia say at thy peril?                                                                               [3]
(e)   Do you justify Shylock’s fate at the end? Give reason.                                             [4]


SECTION B
Poetry: A Collection of ICSE
Poetry and Short Stories
Question 3
Read the extract given below and answer the questions that follow:
The boat is lower’d; the boatmen row,
And to the Inchcape Rock they go;
Sir Ralph bent over from the boat,
And cut the Inchcape Float?
(a)   Where is the Inchcape Rock? Why is it dangerous? Who kept a bell over there? Why? [3]
(b)  Why did Sir Ralph cut the down the Inchcape Bell? What does his action reveal of his character?                                                                                                                      [3]
(c)   What happens to Sir Ralph’s pirate ship when he returns? Why?                             [3]
(d)  Later in the poem. The poet writes The Devil below was ringing his knell. Describe the circumstance that makes the poet to write so.                                                                 [3]
(e)   Why is the poem often referred to a didactic poem? Elaborate your answer.                   [4]
Question 4
Read the extract given below and answer the questions that follow:
…………………………Neither love me for
Thine own dear pity’s wiping my cheeks dry,-
A creature might forget to weep, who bore
Thy comfort long, and lose thy love thereby!
(a)   Who is referred to as creature here? Why?                                                                [3]
(b)  In what way does the speaker want to be loved? Why?                                            [3]
(c)   How can the creature forget to weep? What will be its consequence?                     [3]
(d)  Comment on the form and structure of the poem.                                                     [3]
(e)   What is the theme of the poem? Do you support the ideas expressed in the poem? Give reasons for your answer.                                                                                                      [4]

SECTION C
Poetry: A Collection of ICSE
Poetry and Short Stories
Question 5
Read the extract given below and answer the questions that follow:
With thoughts such as these crossing his mind, Rizwan stood at a shop selling cold drinks, looking for someone who worked for a living but not was a shop owner. At that instant his eyes fell on a man carrying a load on his head and walking in his direction. Rizwan quickly went up to him and, without any greeting placing a hand on his shoulder, enquired: Your Name?”
(a)   Why was Rizwan selling cold drinks at the shop? What thoughts occurred to him as he stood in the market?                                                                                                   [3]
(b)  Who was the man carrying the load and walking to Rizwan? What was the load he was carrying? Why?                                                                                                        [3]
(c)   What do you understand about Rizwan’s nature from his stopping the man without saying any words?
(d)  What are the personal problems faced by Rizwan at home?
(e)   What is the central idea expressed in the short story Hunger by Nasira Sharma? Has the writer conveyed this idea clearly and effectively?                                                 [4]
Question 6
With close reference to the short story The Kabuliwala by Rabindranath Tagore, discuss how the story presents the complexity of human relations.                                                [16]



ICSE 2015: English 2: Preparatory Test Three

ICSE 2015: English 2: Preparatory Test Three
Drama: The Merchant of Venice & Poetry
Poetry: Time: One hour  Maximum Marks: 45
All questions carry equal marks
Question 1
Read the extract given below and answer the questions that follow:
Stephano:
Stephano is my name; and I bring word
My mistress will before the break of day
Be here at Belmont: she doth stray about
By holy crosses, where she kneels and prays
For happy wedlock hours.
Lorenzo:
Who come with her?
(a) Where does this scene take place? What message does he bring?
(b) According to the extract, what was his mistress doing during her absence from home?
(c) What was she actually doing in her absence?
(d) What was the role of his mistress’
(e) The love story of Lorenzo and Jessica is a subplot in the play. Discuss how this sub-plot relates to the main love story of Bassanio and Portia.
Question 2
Read the extract given below and answer the questions that follow:
My little horse must think it queer.
To stop without a farmhouse near
Between the woods and frozen lake
The darkest evening of the year.
(a) Where is the poet at this time? What makes these woods beautiful to him?
(b) How does the poet present the horse as a symbol of human alienation from nature?
(c) What are the sounds heard by the poet? What is the significance of these sounds?
(d) Explain: The darkest evening of the year.
(e) The journey in the poem is a metaphor for the journey of life. Discuss.
Question 3
Read the extract given below and answer the questions that follow:
What do you weave, O ye flower girls
With tassels of azure and red?
Crowns for the brow of a bridegroom
Chaplets to garland his bed
Sheets of white blossoms new- garnered
To perfume the sleep of the dead.
(a) What is the poetess describing ? Why?
(b) Who are the flower girls doing?
(c) Explain: tassels of azure and red
(d) What are chaplets? Who are making these? Why?
(e) Elucidate: the sleep of the dead

ICSE 2015: English 2: Preparatory Test Three

ICSE 2015: English 2: Preparatory Test Three

Drama: The Merchant of Venice & Poetry

Poetry: Time: One hour  Maximum Marks: 45

All questions carry equal marks

Question 1

Read the extract given below and answer the questions that follow:

Stephano:

Stephano is my name; and I bring word

My mistress will before the break of day

Be here at Belmont: she doth stray about

By holy crosses, where she kneels and prays

For happy wedlock hours.

Lorenzo:

Who come with her?

(a) Where does this scene take place? What message does he bring?

(b) According to the extract, what was his mistress doing during her absence from home?

(c) What was she actually doing in her absence?

(d) What was the role of his mistress’

(e) The love story of Lorenzo and Jessica is a subplot in the play. Discuss how this sub-plot relates to the main love story of Bassanio and Portia.

Question 2

Read the extract given below and answer the questions that follow:

My little horse must think it queer.

To stop without a farmhouse near

Between the woods and frozen lake

The darkest evening of the year.

(a) Where is the poet at this time? What makes these woods beautiful to him?

(b) How does the poet present the horse as a symbol of human alienation from nature?

(c) What are the sounds heard by the poet? What is the significance of these sounds?

(d) Explain: The darkest evening of the year.

(e) The journey in the poem is a metaphor for the journey of life. Discuss.

Question 3

Read the extract given below and answer the questions that follow:

What do you weave, O ye flower girls

With tassels of azure and red?

Crowns for the brow of a bridegroom

Chaplets to garland his bed

Sheets of white blossoms new- garnered

To perfume the sleep of the dead.

(a) What is the poetess describing ? Why?

(b) Who are the flower girls doing?

(c) Explain: tassels of azure and red

(d) What are chaplets? Who are making these? Why?

(e) Elucidate: the sleep of the dead

ICSE 2015: English 2: Preparatory Test Two

ICSE 2015: English 2: Preparatory Test Two
Drama: The Merchant of Venice
Time: One hour                                                                                Maximum Marks: 30
All questions carry equal marks
Question 1
Read the extract given below and answer the questions that follow:
Portia:
.....Now he goes,
With no less presence, but with much more
Than young Alcides, when he did redeem
The virgin tribute paid by howling Troy
To the sea-monster. I stand for sacrifice,
The rest aloof are the Dardanian wives,
With blearèd visages, come forth to view
The issue of th’exploit. Go, Hercules!
Live thou, I live. With much, much more dismay
I view the fight than thou that mak’st the fray.
(a)   Who are young Alcides and Hercules here? What is the fight and the fray here?
(b)  Explain with reference to Troy and Alcides, how Portia associates the situation present.
(c)   Explain:
               i.         virgin tribute
             ii.         the Dardanian wives
(d)  Explain:
               i.         The issue of th’exploit the Dardanian wives
             ii.         Live thou, I live
(e)   Why does Portia look at the fight with much more fearful expectation? Describe the reaction of both Portia and Bassanio at the result of the fight.
Question 2
Read the extract given below and answer the questions that follow:
Portia:
The quality of mercy is not strained,
It droppeth as the gentle rain from heaven
Upon the place beneath. It is twice blest:
It blesseth him that gives and him that takes.
’Tis mightiest in the mightiest, it becomes
The thronèd monarch better than his crown.
(a)   Where is Portia? Why?
(b)  Explain:
The quality of mercy is not strained,
It droppeth as the gentle rain from heaven
(c)   Why does Portia say that mercy is ‘twice blessed’?
(d)  Give the meaning of the phrase and explain:  ’Tis mightiest in the mightiest
(e)   Is Shylock’s mercy towards Antonio the only release for Antonio? Comment in the context of the events that happen in the scene.