Poetry Study Aid: I Believe : Brucellish K Sangma

I Believe : Brucellish K Sangma


The crux of the poem I Believe is the celebration of the countless longings and abilities of man. Man’s aspirations are majestic and boundless and the poet Brucellish Sangma firmly believes that man is endowed with the abilities and competence to fulfill his boundless desires and lofty ideals.  Working hard with determination and purpose, man is capable of accomplishing all that he aspires to.  The poet believes that a human being can soar to unimaginable prominences and overcome numerous barriers to arrive at his or her life’s objective.
The poem has the feel of a Japanese haiku poem, with its three-lined stanzas- each stanza an entity in itself. The six haiku-like stanzas, each stanza consisting only of a single sentence, cumulatively assert the leitmotif of the poem- the infinite capacities of man and his limitless dreams and untold aspirations. The poem is written in a simple style and is in Vers libre - in free verse with no specific rhyme scheme or steady weave of rhythm. The poet recourses to the use of the poetic technique Anaphora by deliberately repeating the phrase ‘I believe’ at the start of each stanza. In spite of its apparent simplicity, the poem is highly symbolic and deeply philosophical.
Anaphora is a poetic technique in which a word or a phrase is repeated
at the beginning of a sequence of sentences, or stanza in a poem.
·        I believe if a pebble is thrown upwards
I can pierce the heavens
And see the angels at play.
The speaker of the poem ‘I believe’, probably the poet Brucellish K Sangma herself, asserts that if she throws a throws a pebble into the sky , she can pierce the sky and have a glimpse of the heavenly heights and see the angels frolic.
On a literal level, the utterance of the poet seems a fantasy; however, what makes the utterance pregnant and significant is the symbolism. The pebble thrown up symbolises the relentless endeavours and persistent efforts directed by man to elevate his life to a lofty stature and to achieve the apparently unattainable objectives. The heaven stands for the seemingly unreachable goals and achievements. With the appropriate attitude coupled with willingness as well as competence and diligence, we are bound to create our world a better place to live in, thereby making not only our life but also the life of our fellow human beings joyful and wonderful. Thus, we can create heaven on earth. The angels symolises both the great achievers of the worldly world and also the spiritual aspiration of each and every soul in this world.
The poem has different tiers of being and import: in an all-inclusive level, the poem illuminates the abilities and desires of all the men and women; in a feminist standpoint, the abilities and desires of all women smothered by the outdated social norms and banal cultural traditions; and in a specific viewpoint, the abilities and desires of the tribal women in North East states of India. The ‘I’ of the poem can signify all or any one of these levels. These individuals who strongly wish to liberate themselves from customs and boundaries that stand in the path of their advancement, want to unshackle themselves and soar into the greater heights of human achievements.
·        I believe I can soar to the heights
Touch the silky clouds
And feel the stars.
·        I believe I can dive
Right into the depths
And swim with the sharks.
The poet believes that she can soar high up to the heights and flavour the delicate fluffiness of the clouds. The heights or the sky stands for the pinnacle of human triumphs and the sensation derived from the fluffiness of the clouds signifies the fulfillment and pleasure of attaining the unattainable. Stars are the congregation of astral figures among men, the ultimate achievers. The poet believes that with resoluteness and consistent efforts she can be one of these astral figures who have achieved celestial stature and brought glory to the human race.
The poet is confident that, like a diver diving into the depths of the sea to forage for the treasures in the depths of the ocean, she can dive deep into the sea of life and immerse herself in the treasured experiences of life. These myriad experiences of life ennoble and enrich the poet and she emerges as a better human being with profound understandings of the intrinsic qualities of life.
The depths stands for the sea of life and the sharks symbolise the challenges of life. The challenge to confront the travails of life and the exhilarating sensation of overcoming them are immense and gratifying.
The poet here uses binary opposites- soar/heights and dive/depths- to bring out the aptitudes and competence of human beings and the limitless potentials of their accomplishment.
·        I believe I can claw into the earth’s belly
Pick up the priceless gems
And adorn myself with them.
·        I believe I can do many things
Amidst the human angels
Surrounded by the world’s treasures.
The poet furthermore asserts that she has the resolve to claw out the invaluable stones in the earth’s interior and adorn herself with these gems.
Here, metaphorically, the poet affirms that, with dogged determination and firmness of purpose, man can exploit the natural resources on earth for the collective benefit of mankind. Even though clawing connotes a destructive and violent activity, here the poet confirms that the violence is not destructive but constructive and beneficial for the whole of humanity. Man has to resort to violence and destruction at times to bring about the social changes conducive to his evolution and advancement.
Many a man, throughout the ages, has achieved great things by utilising their innate qualities and their inbuilt resourcefulness. They have accomplished many things that have turned out to be extremely beneficial to the human race and their cherished humanitarian efforts have endowed them with a celestial status. Hence, they are angelic in nature and stature.
These angelic men and women have stridden to the pinnacle of glorious achievements with their innate magnanimous spirits and their characteristic purposiveness. The poet is confident that she can emulate these victorious achievers through imbibing their life-force and purposeful resolve.
·        But I firmly believe I’ve to complete
The role assigned to me here
Where I dream and breathe.
In the concluding stanza, after listing all the potentials and possibilities that she can realise in her life, the poet comes out with a firm pronouncement that before the realisation of all these dreams and aspirations, she has to first fulfill her duties, her obligations and responsibilities of the familial and the social spheres where she currently subsists.
Each and every human being has innumerable roles in life and innumerable duties in accordance with the different roles he or she takes up at different stages of life. Before embarking to accomplish the countless capabilities and the infinite aspirations, the poet firmly believes that, man has to first fulfill his temporal duties of his life. The poet, being a woman has different duties designated to her as a woman and these responsibilities should be her priority.
The world of reality with its multitudinous obligations is right before us and first we should fulfill these responsibilities of the real world. Afterwards, we can start our pilgrimage towards individual advancement so as to fulfill our dreams and aspirations.

ICSE Model Paper 2014 English 1 Grammar and Composition Question 4 Answers

Question 4
a. In the following passage, fill in each numbered blank with the correct form of the word given in brackets. (Do not copy the passage, but write in correct serial order the word or phrase appropriate to the blank space.) [4]
Example: ......... (0)........ are showing

 1.visiting
2. organised
3. are
4. to prepare 
5. is situated
6. availability
7. is located
8. stranded
b. Fill in the blanks with an appropriate word:
1. The leader of the gang was accustomed to flattery.
2. Do not deal in rogues; they will cheat you.
3. Child marriage prevails among certain tribes in India.
4. None could persuade him from withdrawing from the competition.
5. The young tree was bent under the weight of the snow
6. The compromise was agreed upon by the two warring factions.
7. We should sympathise with the poor.
8. A complaint was lodged against the corrupt official student.
c. Join each of the following sentences to make one complete sentence without using and, but or so:
1. Either you or I will come to the film.
2. The handwriting was so bad that no one could read the letter.
The handwriting was too bad for anyone to read the letter
3. Seeing the cat lurking, the sparrow flies away.
4. Anne took a train to Durham.
d. Rewrite the following sentences according to the instructions given after each. Make other changes that may be necessary, but do not change the meaning of any of the sentence.
1. In order that he should have string muscles, Alif exercised daily.
2. When the teacher went out, out ran the children.
3. Kim asked me whether I was still angry at her/him.
4. “By whom had these beautiful painting been bought yesterday?”
5. Raquel was too adamant to listen to any advice.
6. Rachel does not like Sid as much as Karun.
7. Is that the way a student should speak?
8. None will succeed without hard work.

ICSE Model Paper 2014 English 1 Grammar and Composition

ICSE Model Paper 2014
English 1
Grammar and Composition
(Two Hours)



Answers to this Paper must be written on the paper provided separately.
You will not be allowed to write during the first 15 minutes.
This time is to be spent in reading the question paper.
Attempt all four questions
The intended marks for the questions or parts of questions are given in brackets [ ]
You are advised to spend not more than 35 minutes in answering Question 1
and 20 minutes in answering Question 2.




Question1
[Do not spend more than 35 minutes on this question]
Write a composition [350 – 400 words] on any one of the following: [25]
(a) There is many a social evil prevailing in our society. Among these social evils, which you consider the most harmful to the society and the progress of our country? Why?
(b) Capital punishment is out dated and cruel. Debate.
(c) While you were attending a social function, you had the opportunity to interact with famous personality. Describe the occasion and narrate your experience.
(d) ‘Fools rush in where angels fear to tread’. Write a short story based on the maxim.
(e) Study the picture given below. Write a story or a description or an account of what it suggests to you. Your composition may be about the subject of the picture or may take suggestions from it; however, there must be a clear connection between the picture and your composition.

Question 2
[Do not spend more than 20 minutes on this question]
Select one of the following: [10]
a. When you were returning from the school in the evening, you had a disturbing experience. Write a letter to your friend describing the experience.
OR
b. Your school has decided to conduct a fund-raising Campaign for local orphanage. Write a letter to the Manager of a reputed firm requesting to sponsor your campaign; giving details about the campaign.
Question 3
Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions a, b, c and d that follow:
Soapy was homeless and usually in the pleasant summer nights, he slept on a bench in a park. However, as the nights got colder with approaching winter, he decided to move to his regular hangout during winter.
There were several charitable places for the homeless in the New York City where Soapy could sleep during the frosty winter. But these establishments had numerous strict regulations and the authorities were highly inquisitive of the personal life of its inmates. So Soapy chose the prison at Blackwell’s on the island as his winter haunt.
It was easy to get entry into his winter resort because all Soapy had to do is break some trivial law and he was inside with no questions asked.
His plan was to go to an expensive restaurant have some exorbitantly priced dishes. When he could not pay the bill, the officials would escort him straight to his trusted winter abode. Having smartened himself up with a clean shave and a wearing a coat hand out to him long back by a philanthropist, he stealthily entered a restaurant hoping that none of the waiters would notice his tattered trousers and shoes. He decided to order a mallard duck with a bottle of White Burgundy and other luxuries. Regrettably for Soapy, as soon as he got into a grand restaurant, the chief waiter noted his ratty trousers and drove him out of the restaurant.
As his first plan failed, Soapy decided to try vandalism. He took a paving stone and threw it with full force at a shop window and broke the glass. A crowd gathered, and a police man arrived. When the police man questioned who had done the damage, Soapy asked whether the cop could not realise that he had dome the damage. But the policeman brushed aside Soapy thinking that a vandal who had broken a window would not hang around the vicinity. Alas! In lieu of apprehending Soapy, he chased a man who was running to catch a taxi.
Close by, Soapy saw a less pricey restaurant than the one he had tried before. He was successful to get entry into the restaurant have a good dish. After finishing the meal, he called the waiter and told him that he had no money to pay for the food and asked him to call the police. The infuriated waiter refused to call the cops and instead with the help of a fellow waiter, chucked him out of the eatery. Soapy luck was running out.
As he lay on the road, Soapy saw a graceful lady standing near a policeman and he decided to pester her. But the woman who did not complain to the policeman surprisingly liked Soapy's companionship. Soapy walked with her till he was out of sight of the cop and then left her.
Soapy was in distress. He was finding it difficult to gain admission to his winter haven. He thought that some spell had made him resistant to arrest.
Then Soapy saw a man with an umbrella. Soapy took the umbrella and walked away. When the man protested Soapy smiled and pointed to a police man at the corner and asked the man to call him. The man became very apologetic and told Soapy that he had accidently found the umbrella earlier in a restaurant, and probably it might belong to Soapy. He walked from the dejected Soapy.
Crestfallen because of his failed attempts, Soapy returned to his park bench. While he was going back to the park, he heard a charming melody issuing from an old church. The old church and the endearing music charmed him. He stood by the iron fence of the churchyard for a long time. The anthem was intimate to him and it took him back him to his childhood. He all of a sudden became penitent of his squalid life and decided to change his life and lead reformed life. . Soapy decide to go to the town next day and find some work. As he stood there thinking, Soapy felt a hand on his shoulder. A policeman cop had come and asked him what he was doing there. The policemen arrested Soapy charging him with loitering and vagrancy. The next day, he was condemned to three months on the Blackwell’s Island.
-A Summary of O. Henry's ‘The Cop and the Anthem’.
a) Give the meaning of the following words as used in the passage. One – word answers or short phrases will be accepted. [3]
1. straight
2. philanthropist
3. apprehending
b) Answer the following questions in your own words: [12]
1. Why did Soapy decide to go to his winter hangout?
2. Why did Soapy prefer his winter abode to other charitable homes in the city?
3. Why did the chief waiter throw drive Soapy out of the restaurant?
4. He was finding it difficult to gain admission to his winter haven. How did his plans to get entry to the winter resort fail?
5. What enthralled Soapy as he returned to the park?
6. What is the twist in the tail of the story?
c) Narrate, in not more than 60 words, the Soapy failed attempts to get admittance to his winter home. [8]
d) Give a title to your summary and justify the choice of the title. [2]
Question 4
a. In the following passage, fill in each numbered blank with the correct form of the word given in brackets. (Do not copy the passage, but write in correct serial order the word or phrase appropriate to the blank space.) [4]
Example: ......... (0)........ are showing
A large number of Indian nationals .......0...... (show) interest in .......1...... (visit) Holy Kailash Manasarovar through tours .......2...... (organise) by private Indian tour operators. Most of the tourists .......3...... (be) unaware of the actual conditions in Kailash-Manasarovar area and need .......4...... (prepare) for the difficulties that they may have to face. The Holy Kailash Manasarovar .......5......(situate) in a remote area in Tibet Autonomous Region of People's Republic of China, where .......6......(available) of medical facilities, accommodation, food items, means of communication and transport are minimal. It .......7...... (locate) at an average altitude of 13000 feet above the sea level. Tourists may get affected by High Altitude Sickness and other medical problems, which can be fatal in the absence of adequate medical facilities. There have also been instances of pilgrims .......8...... (strand) due to bad weather.
b. Fill in the blanks with an appropriate word: [4]
1. The leader of the gang was accustomed …… flattery.
2. Do not deal …… rogues; they will cheat you.
3. Child marriage prevails ……certain tribes in India.
4. None could persuade him ……withdrawing from the competition.
5. The young tree was bent …… the weight of the snow
6. The compromise was agreed ……by the two warring factions.
7. We should sympathise…… the poor.
8. A complaint was lodged …….. the corrupt official student.
c. Join each of the following sentences to make one complete sentence without using and, but or so: [4]
1. I will come to the film. You will come to the film.
2. The handwriting was extremely bad. No one could read the letter.
3. The sparrow sees the cat lurking. It flies away.
4. Anne took a train. She went to Durham.
d. Rewrite the following sentences according to the instructions given after each. Make other changes that may be necessary, but do not change the meaning of any of the sentence. [8]
1. Alif exercised daily because he wanted to have strong muscles.
[Use: In order ......should]
2. When the teacher went out, the children ran out.
[End: ...the children]
3. “Are you still angry at me?” Kim asked me.
[Change into Indirect Speech]
4. “Who had bought these beautiful paintings yesterday?”
[Change the voice]
5. Raquel was so adamant that he will not listen to any advice.
[Change into a positive sentence]
6. Rachel likes Karun more than Sid.
[Change into Positive Degree]
7. A student should not speak like that.
[Begin: Is...]
8. Work hard to succeed.
[Begin: None .....]


ICSE English Grammar Questions 2010 - 2013

ICSE ENGLISH GRAMMAR 2010
a.      Fill in each of the numbered blanks with the correct form of the word given in brackets. Do not copy the passage, but write in correct serial order the word or phrase appropriate to the blank space.                                                                                                                           [4]
Example:
(0) given
But just when I had almost (0) ______________ (give) up hope, I was  (1) _______________ (strike) with a brilliant idea : my birthday was due fairly soon, and if I  (2) ________________ (deal) with the family skillfully, I (3) ________________ (feel) sure, I could not only get a boat but a lot of other equipment as well, I  (4) ________________ (suggest) to the family that, instead of (5) ________________ (let) them choose my presents, I  (6) ______________ (may) tell them the things that I (7) ________________ (want) most. In this way they could be sure of not (8) ______________ (disappoint) me.
b.     Fill in the blanks with an appropriate word:                                                                            [4]
(i)              I refrained ___________________ telling Reeta the truth.
(ii)            The leader counted ___________________ the cooperation of his colleagues.
(iii)          The public was cautioned _________________ pickpockets.
(iv)          Janaki escorted her daughter to the cinema theatre as she was anxious ____________________ her safety.
(v)            Their path was beset _____________________ difficulties yet they succeeded.
(vi)          The mouse crept stealthily __________________ the cheese.
(vii)        It was good __________________ you to invite Sheila for picnic.
(viii)      Smoking __________________ public places is now banned.
c.      Join the following sentences to make one complete sentence without using and, but or so.    [4]
(i)              You will surely be late. Hurry up!
(ii)            The trekkers got lost due to the heavy fog. They had misplaced their map as well.
(iii)          She has to apologize. He will not meet her again if she does not do so.
(iv)          I wear this expensive outfit very sparingly. I bought it last month.
d.     Rewrite the following sentences according to the instructions given after each. Make other changes that may be necessary, but do not change the meaning of each sentence.                    [8]
(i)              Unless Ria takes care of her health, she will not be able to look after her family.
[Begin: Ria must……………………..]
(ii)            His arrogance was the cause of his losing the election.
[Rewrite the sentence using “arrogant”]
(iii)          If you are not a member you cannot borrow books.
[Begin: Only………………….]
(iv)          It is a pity our vacation is not longer.
[Begin: I wish……………….]
(v)            Raju did not complete the exercise on time.
[Rewrite the sentence adding a question tag]
(vi)          Rohm was so terrified of being left alone in the house that he started screaming.
[Begin: So………………]
(vii)        The teacher asked, “How many of you think the answer is correct?”
[Rewrite the sentence using indirect form]
(viii)      Sunil is the fastest runner in the School.
[End:……………………. as Sunil]

ICSE ENGLISH GRAMMAR 2011
a.      Fill in each of the numbered blanks with the correct form of the word given in brackets. Do not copy the passage, but write in correct serial order the word or phrase appropriate to the blank space.                                                                                                                           [4]
Example:
We were not _______________ (allow) to talk during the lecture.
Answer: allowed
The children (1) ________________ (sit) in a neat circle and (2) ________________ (begin) (3) ________________ (copy) their multiplication tables. Most (4) ________________ (scratch) in the dirt with sticks they had (5) ________________ (bring) for that purpose. The more fortunate (6) ________________ (has) slate boards that they (7) ________________ (write) on with sticks (8) ______________ (dip) in a mixture of mud and water.
b.     Fill in the blanks with an appropriate word:                                                                            [4]
(i)              He congratulate me _____________________ my great achievement.
(ii)            The poor man is afflicted ___________________ arthritis.
(iii)          She is blind ___________________ the faults of her husband.
(iv)          The boss had many complaints __________________ Shyam.
(v)            You must prepare _____________________ the examination.
(vi)          She is not aware _______________ the danger.
(vii)        Ravi was accurate __________________ his calculations.
(viii)      They hid the money _____________________the carpet.
c.      Join the following sentences to make one complete sentence without using and, but or so.    [4]
(i)              The minister was wise. The king did not trust him.
(ii)            We reached the port. The storm came on.
(iii)          One should not borrow money. One should not lend money.
(iv)          She will win the prize. She deserves it.
d.     Rewrite the following sentences according to the instructions given after each. Make other changes that may be necessary, but do not change the meaning of each sentence.                    [8]
(i)              This horse is better trained than yours.
[Begin: Your……………………..]
(ii)            The children will sit out in the garden. If the weather is cool.
[Begin: The children won’t……………………..]
(iii)          The thief ran so fast that the police could not catch him.
[Rewrite using: too]
(iv)          Her attitude often annoys me.
[Rewrite using: annoyance………..]
(v)            The child disappeared as soon as the bus stopped.
[Begin: Hardly………………]
(vi)          There is no success without effort.
[Begin: Whenever………………]
(vii)        “Please teach me to cycle.” She asked her brother.
[Rewrite in indirect form]
(viii)      The peasants regarded him as a thief and called him a villain.
[End:……………………. the peasants]

ICSE ENGLISH GRAMMAR 2012
a.      Fill in each of the numbered blanks with the correct form of the word given in brackets. Do not copy the passage, but write in correct serial order the word or phrase appropriate to the blank space.                                                                                                                           [4]
Example:
My guide _______________ (tell) me if I wanted to meet these people I would have to walk two miles.
Answer: told
We finally (1) ________________ (reach) a village where I (2) ________________ (meet) a lady whose age I (3) ________________ (can) not immediately make out. My translator                           (4) ________________ (find) it difficult to interpret the lady’s words because her dialect was quite different. She (5) ________________ (is) a dark – skinned and dark – haired lady. She must have been around seventy years old but there was no grey in her hair. She obviously could not afford to dye her hair. So what was her secret? Nobody (6) ________________ (know). It must have been a ‘secret’ common to all for not one person in that whole village (7) ________________ (has) a trace of grey hair! I (8) ______________ (think) about it for a long time.
b.     Fill in the blanks with an appropriate word:                                                                            [4]
(i)              He was touched _____________________ pity when he heard the tale.
(ii)            There is always a demand _____________________ good tailors.
(iii)          The mother prevented her child ________________ going out in the rain.
(iv)          The baby crawled ___________________ the table and hid there.
(v)            Once upon a time the great King ruled _______________________ all these villages and towns.
(vi)          She is the smarter ______________________ the two.
(vii)        Sheila insists ____________________ wearing that dress, although her mother thinks it is too short for her.
(viii)      The teacher complained ___________________ him when she met his mother in the market.
c.      Join the following sentences to make one complete sentence without using and, but or so.    [4]
(i)              He lived in the city for many years. He could not find his way about.
(ii)            She complained that her brother did not know anything. Her brother claimed he knew everything.
(iii)          The coffee isn’t strong. It won’t keep us awake.
(iv)          I finished my homework. I switched on the T.V.
d.     Rewrite the following sentences according to the instructions given after each. Make other changes that may be necessary, but do not change the meaning of each sentence.                    [8]
(i)              My mother left a month ago.
[Begin: It was……………………..]
(ii)            Anil was wrong to lose his temper.
[Begin: Anil ought……………………..]
(iii)          As soon as the Chief Guest had seated himself the play began.
[Begin: No sooner……………………..]
(iv)          Rajiv said to Arjun, “Is this the book you were reading yesterday?”
[Begin: Rajiv asked Arjun………………….]
(v)            Only a foolish person would be taken in by this trick.
[Begin: None………………]
(vi)          Everybody has heard of Gandhiji.
[Begin: Who………………]
(vii)        He will issue the cheque only when he hears from the head office.
[Begin: On………………………]
(viii)      Father will send you a message if his flight is cancelled.
[Begin: Should…………………….]

ICSE ENGLISH GRAMMAR 2013
a.      Fill in each of the numbered blanks with the correct form of the word given in brackets. Do not copy the passage, but write in correct serial order the word or phrase appropriate to the blank space.                                                                                                                           [4]
Example:
A woman _______________ (wait) at an airport one night, with several long hours before her flight.
Answer: was waiting.
She (1) ________________ (hunt) for a book in the airport shops, (2) ________________ (buy) a bag of cookies and found a place to sit. She (3) ________________ (engross) in her book but happened to see that the man sitting beside her, bold as could be, grabbed a cookie or two from the bag in between, which she tried to  ignore to avoid a scene. So she                           (4) ________________ (munch) the cookies and watched the clock, as the gutsy thief diminished her stock. She (5) ________________ (get) more irritated as the minutes ticked by thinking, “If I wasn’t so nice, I (6) ________________ (black) his eye.” With each cookie she took, he took one too. When only one was left, she wondered what he would do. With a smile on his face, and a nervous laugh, he (7) ________________ (take) the last cookie and broke it in half. He offered her half, as he ate the other. She had never known she could be so angry and turned to gather her belongings. As she reached for her baggage, she gasped with surprise, there was her bag of cookies, in front of her eyes. If mine are here, she moaned in despair, the others were his and he (8) ______________ (try) to share.
b.     Fill in the blanks with an appropriate word:                                                                            [4]
(i)              She takes a lot of trouble ______________________ her work.
(ii)            Our English friends have taken __________________ Indian food quite quickly.
(iii)          He got an A+ ________________________ the Mathematics test.
(iv)          He jumped ____________________ the river to save his friend from drowning.
(v)            Always be prepared _____________________ a surprise test.
(vi)          She hid _______________ the cupboard and gave everyone a fright.
(vii)        She is fond __________________ pets.
(viii)      The brothers quarrelled _______________ themselves for their father’s property.
c.      Join the following sentences to make one complete sentence without using and, but or so     [4]
(i)              We had better get ready now. We may not have time to reach the airport.
(ii)            Mr. Liew has been sick. He has been so since he came back from Japan.
(iii)          The debating teams were very happy. Both were declared joint – champions.
(iv)          He escaped from the prison. He looked for a place where he could hide.
d.     Rewrite the following sentences according to the instructions given after each. Make other changes that may be necessary, but do not change the meaning of each sentence.                    [8]
(i)              These windows need cleaning again.
[Begin: These windows will……………………..]
(ii)            My mother said I could go with you only if I returned home by five o’ clock.
[Use: as long as]
(iii)          It doesn’t matter which chemical you put into the mixture first, the results will be the same.
[Use: difference]
(iv)          Who does this pen belong to?
[Begin: Do you know………………….]
(v)            Heavy rain has caused the cancellation of the outdoor garden party.
[Begin: Due………………]
(vi)          I’ve never seen so many people in this building before.
[Begin: This is………………]
(vii)        If we light the fire, the rescuers will see us.
[Begin: We will………………………]
(viii)      Only a few books were remaining on the shelf when we left.
[Begin: Most…………………….]